This study explored using Big Data, totaling 66 terabytes over 10 years, captured from sensor systems installed in independent living apartments to predict falls from pre-fall changes in residents’ Kinect-recorded gait parameters. Over a period of 3 to 48 months, we analyzed gait parameters continuously collected for residents who actually fell (n = 13) and those who did not fall (n = 10). We analyzed associations between participants’ fall events (n = 69) and pre-fall changes in in-home gait speed and stride length (n = 2,070). Preliminary results indicate that a cumulative change in speed over time is associated with the probability of a fall (p < .0001). The odds of a resident falling within 3 weeks after a cumulative change of 2.54 cm/s is 4.22 times the odds of a resident falling within 3 weeks after no change in in-home gait speed. Results demonstrate using sensors to measure in-home gait parameters associated with the occurrence of future falls.
Phillips, L. J., Deroche, C., Rantz, M., Alexander, G. L., Skubic, M., Despins, L., Abbott, C., Harris, B. H., Galambos, C., & Koopman, R. (2016). Using embedded sensors in independent living to predict gait changes and falls. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 39(1), 78-94.View the PDF