In this paper, we propose a Pulse-Doppler radar system for in-home gait assessment of older adults. A methodology has been developed to extract gait parameters including walking speed and step time using Doppler radar. The gait parameters have been validated with a Vicon motion capture system in the lab with 13 participants and 158 test runs. The study revealed that for an optimal step recognition and walking speed estimation, a dual radar set up with one radar placed at foot level and the other at torso level is necessary. An excellent absolute agreement with intra-class correlation coefficients of 0.97 was found for step time estimation with the foot level radar. For walking speed, although both radars show excellent consistency they all have a system offset compared to the ground truth due to walking direction with respect to the radar beam. The torso level radar has a better performance (9% offset on average) in the speed estimation compared to the foot level radar (13-18% offset). Quantitative analysis has been performed to compute the angles causing the systematic error. The results demonstrate the capability of the system to be used as a daily gait assessment tool in home environments, useful for fall risk assessment and other health care applications. The system is now tested in an unstructured home environment.
Wang, F., Skubic, M., Rantz, M., Yardibi, T., & Cuddihy, P.E. (2014). Quantitative gait measurement with pulse-Doppler radar for passive in-home gait assessment. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 61(9), 2434-2443.View the PDF